Serene Submissiveness


Allah, the Almighty, said:

{Give good tidings to the mukhbiteen(humble) [before their Lord].} [al-Ḥajj 22:34]

قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وجَلَّ: "وَبَشِّرِ الْمُخْبِتِينَ"

Ikhbât 150 is one of the first stations of tranquility. It is finding refuge from reversal and hesitancy.151 It is of three levels:

الإخْبَاتُ مِنْ أوَائِلِمَقَامِ الطُّمَأْنِينَةِ، وَهُوَ وُرُودُ الْمَأْمَنِ مِنَ الرُّجُوعِ وَالتَّرَدُّدِ. وَهُوَ عَلى ثَلَاثِ دَرَجَاتٍ:

The first level:

  1. when (Divine) protection encompasses the desires 152

  2. when willpower covers heedlessness 153

  3. when the earnest pursuit [of the Beloved] destroys the holds of comfort and leisure154

الدَّرَجَةُ الْأُولَى:

  1. أَنْ تَسْتَغْرِقَ الْعِصْمَةُ الشَّهْوَةَ

  2. وَتَسْتَدْرِكَ الْإِرَادَةُ الْغَفْلَةَ

  3. وَيَسْتَهْوِي الطَّلَبُ السَّلْوَةَ

The second level:

  1. when no cause can compromise his/her will

  2. when no obstacle can cause his/her heart the distress of loneliness155

  3. when no trial may interrupt his/her path

والدَّرَجَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ:

  1. أَنْ لَا يَنْقَضُّ إِرَادَتَهُ سَبَبٌ

  2. وَلَا يُوحِشُ قَلْبَهُ عَارِضٌ

  3. وَلَا تَقْطَعُ عَلَيْهِ الطَّرِيقَ فِتْنَةٌ

150 If khushoo‘ is fear mixed with humility and calmness, ikhbât is khushoo‘ with serenity and comfort. These result from having familiarity with and confidence in the One to Whom you surrender. This makes your surrender/submissiveness effortless and a reversal unthinkable.
151 Now that he/she is not only venerating his/her Lord, but also finding comfort in His presence, he/she is immune to returning on his/her heels or finding reluctance in his/her heart against commitment to any of the requirements of the path.
152 Thus, no craving is greater than the ‘iṣmah (Divine protection), whose fences are too high for the untamed horses of his or her desires.
153 Before this station, they were in a race; at times one outdoes the other, but now his/her willpower is always ahead of his/her heedlessness and saving him/her from its sequelae.
154 No matter how cozy his/her dunyah becomes, it never distracts him/her from seeking Allah.
155 Even a lack of companions and supporters will never cause his or her heart to feel lonely and restless.
156 Although the apparent implication of this was not even true for the prophets and messengers, as the Qur’an (ash-Shu‘arâ’ 26:84) tells us that even Ibrâheem (peace be upon him) asked for “a reputation of honor among later generations;” the meaning is that neither praise nor dispraise will ever divert him/her from pursuing the Truth/truth and following Him/it.
157 Without getting himself or herself overwhelmed. ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “When hearts become overwhelmed, they become blind.”
158 Whereby he or she does not see himself/herself as better than anyone. When such thoughts come across his/her heart and they have some merit, he/she dismisses them by remembering that all he/she has (or has accomplished) is all a favor from Allah, which He may take back anytime He pleases. He/she also remembers that “deeds are judged by their conclusions.”

Manâzil as-Sâirin


Shaykhul-Islam Abu Isma‘il Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Ansari al-Harawi (396-481H)

Translation and Footnotes


Hatem al-Haj