355When the Muslim army encountered the Romans and their allies in Mu’tah, ‘Abdullâh
ibn Rawâḥah motivated himself by the following lines of poetry:
أَقْسَمْتُ يَا نَفْسُ لَتَنْزِلِنَّهْ لَتَنْزِلِنَّ أَوْ لَتُكْرَهِنَّهْ -- إنْ أَجْلَبَ النَّاسُ وَشَدُّوا الرَّنَّهْ -- مَالِي أَرَاكِ تَكْرَهِينَ الْجَنَّهْ
I swear upon you, O nafs (self), that you shall enter or shall be forced to do so
The people have gathered, and the cries have risen
What is the matter with you? I see that you dislike paradise!
That is, not to ignore the Shari‘ah and knowledge of the scriptures. The sheikh is advising us to aspire for more than the requirements of knowledge and not to injudiciously follow concessions and shortcuts or fall into dry technicality or overconfidence in one’s knowledge. There are also cases where knowledge may not be sufficient to guide someone concerning a particular incident. This is where one may need to count on inspiration (ilhâm) and intuitive perception (dhawq), as Imam Ibn Taymiyyah stated, to find guidance. This is not dhawq and ilhâm to counter knowledge, but to complement it.
When He discloses to you the way to the various stations, the flaws of your nafs, and most importantly, the meanings of His names and attributes.
Because abiding by the technicalities of the knowledge of the intellect will not earn you that comforting intimacy in the presence of your Lord. You will be working hard like a servant, while His friends are welcomed into His presence. This is the condition of those whose hearts are rigid and dry. Their deeds are void of function and purpose. Their prayers do not keep them from lewdness and evil. They abandon food and drink when they fast, but their hearts do not abandon arrogance and rancor.
Which bars you from beholding all others (as-siwâالسِّوَى).
When you get close enough to your destination, and the lights of the city illuminate your path to it, you see it leading clearly to it while before, you were dependent on the signposts.
For now, he/she would have seen the finish line (the gates of the city), so he/she would have all the energy inside him/her recruited to sprint and get to it.
That is, ascribing their resolve to themselves.
By disavowing the attribution of resolve to oneself and seeing it as a gift from Allah.
Continuing to see that you abandoned or disavowed resolve means that you still think you had, at one point, some legitimate claim to it.